They are preparing for the celebration again on Saturday, September 25th, in the former vineyard of Debrecen, in Érmellék!
The padlocks are removed from the cellar doors of the Padalja line in Diószeg, winemakers are waiting for the guests and they are filling Bakator, Királyleányka, Muskotály, and Riesling in their glasses. There is music on the terrace of the press houses hidden in the valley, cheerful songs and the toasting of glasses can be heard from everywhere. The kids squeeze grapes and drink the leaking sweet juice. The goulash is stewing in the cauldrons, the beef is roasting in the oven, and gorgeous scents are floating in the air.
On the vineyard hill, the vines are crumbling from the bunches, the guests board the two-horse-drawn carriage and admire the crop, the hillsides covered with grapes. At the St. Orbán plaque, they break the cheese from their baskets, look at the grapes, sip wine, and watch the Sun fall in the direction of the church tower in Léta.
This will be so, I can already see: a nostalgic Saturday afternoon, a journey back to happy times of peace.
The Bakator Wine and Gastro Terrace can be visited free of charge without a ticket, between 11 am and 9 pm local time, and between 10 am and 8 pm Hungarian time. Border crossing and entry into the cellar row are not subject to a security certificate.
In addition to local winemakers from other settlements of the Érmellék wine region, winemakers from Hikedsy, Lajos Békési Biharvpád, Czapp Árzád, Czapp Imre Féth from Biharpüspök, Sándor György-Csáki from Hegyközcsatár and Attila Hegedűs from Érmihályfalva. In addition to Bakator wines, Fetească regală and white (Ottonel Muscat, Furmint, Sauvignon Blanc, Szürkebarát, Olaszrizling, Zöldveltelini) and red wines (Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Kadarka, Kékfr, To taste the wines, you need to buy a redeemable wine tasting glass in the information pavilion ..
Glass Price: 15 lei or 1,000 HUF.
In the cellar, locally prepared dishes are also waiting for the visitors : goulash, chips, fresh roasts, gray beef stew, mickey. The settlements of Érmellék also bring their most beautiful porticoes: their high-quality food from rural farming (syrups, zucchini, honey, cheeses, telemea, brandies, meat products) and their handicrafts (gingerbread, dry pasta, jewelry, embroidery). Farmers and producers have to pay for food, drinks and trade fare in Romanian lei, but the Hungarian forint is also accepted in Padalja. There is only a cash payment option!
The Pleasure carriage ride leads you through the Small Janka gyömölcsös- mountains and vineyards. Half-hour tours run continuously. Tickets can be purchased on-site for 15 lei or 1,000 forints per person. A maximum of 12 people can take part in a tour.
The music is provided by Zoltán Bíró and his band, the Soroglya band from Oradea, the Padalja Banda in Debrecen and the Dixieland Jazz Band in Debrecen.
The location of the festival can be approached from several directions:
– after the Lászavértes small border crossing (open between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m. Hungarian time) we turn right 200 meters, then approx. After 5 km we reach the settlement 45 km from Debrecen;
– after the large border crossing in Nyírábrány (open 24hrs) we turn towards Oradea in Érmihályfalva, we follow the main road E671 to the settlement of Diosig (77 km from Debrecen).
GPS coordinates of the arrival point: 47.285010, 22.011707.
On September 25th, comfortable, air-conditioned buses for 50 people will depart from Debrecen to Bihardiószeg. Buses depart from the Sport Direct side of the Tesco car park at 9:00, 9:20, and 9:40. You can apply at www.pullmantravel.hu or at firstname.lastname@example.org. When applying, please indicate which departure time you choose! Discounted travel costs for a limited number of places: 1,000 HUF / person. We can provide the discounted price with the support of the Municipality of Debrecen.
Debrecen vineyard – a reviving wine region
The wine center of Érmellék in Bihar Bihardiószeg: today 80 hectares of the 250 hectares of vineyards in the Bihar part of the Érmellék wine region are cultivated in the settlement. Barely thirty kilometers from Debrecen, on the other side of the Hungarian-Romanian border, the hills dotted with vineyards and wine cellars open up in front of us.
According to a legend, the first grapes were planted by King Louis the Great in Diószeg. Due to the expansion of the Turks, the attention of the citizens of Debrecen turned to the wine region from the middle of the 17th century: many Debrecen citizens bought grapes in the wine region closest to the city, as good Ermellék wine larger grapes. It was noted that during the harvest the administration in Debrecen was also suspended.
The wines of Érmellék were built in the 19th century. It also had a very good reputation in the 19th century: István Széchényi, who As a lieutenant of the Hussar Regiment of Hesse-Homburg, he was in Bihardiószeg from 182 to 1825, he appreciated the light white wines produced here:
Winemaking in Diószeg lived its golden age in the second half of the 19th century: Count Ferenc Zichy established model viticulture and winemaking in the manor center, and in 1870, thanks to the intervention of the Zichy family, the country’s first wine vocational school, the vincelle map, was founded in Bihardiószeg.
The flagship wine of the region has been the Bakator for centuries. Red-skinned, round-eyed, the berry begins to sweeten early but ripens slowly, the skin is thick, resistant to gray rot, so it is harvested in the second half of October. White wine matures slowly but has produced legendary wines in excellent vintages. Quite often, white aszú wine was also made from it – the Chinese emperor also ordered 200 bottles of it in 1872.
A II. After World War II, Bakator is no longer among the grape varieties recommended and cultivable in the settlements of Érmellék in Bihar: it disappeared from Bihardiószeg for well over seventy years.
The variety was first cultivated by Szeremley Huba on Badacsony Hill (it became a recognized variety in Hungary again from 2008). In the Érmellék in Szatmár, the variety has been grown for 15-20 years by 20-25 farmers of the Bakator Mountain Village in and around Avasújváros. The Heit family re-planted the variety in Bihardiószeg in 2013 with canes brought from here.
In 2017, the Municipality of Bihardiószeg organized the Bakator Wine and Gastro Festival for the first time to promote the variety, when the producers of the variety in the Carpathian Basin, together with the leaders of the municipalities of Debrecen and Bihardiószeg, established the Bakator Association.