Mozart: Serenade In C minor K. 388 „Nacht Musique”
Mozart: Serenade in G major, K. 525 „Eine kleine Nachtmusik”
Tchaikovsky: Serenade for String Orchestra, Op. 48Conductor: Tibor BényiVenue: University of Debrecen, Main building, Ticket price: 1900 HUF
Purchase tickets: https://kodalyfilharmonia.jegy.hu/…/hires…/725910
After losing his job in Salzburg in 1781, Mozart tries to find supporters in Vienna. “Nothing is more unpleasant than the uncertain ignorant, not knowing what the future will bring.” In 1782, the Emperor formed a brass octet, who performed on various occasions and in open-air performances. It was for this imperial ensemble that Mozart wrote the Serenade in C minor, which is formally more of a wind symphony, a work full of innovations… perhaps in anticipation of Beethoven’s sequel. Mozart wrote to his father, “I quickly wrote a Nachtmusik.” This was the beginning of his most prolific period in Vienna. The other Nachtmusik for strings, Eine kleine Nachtmusik (A Little Night Music), is among his most successful works. This work was written in 1787, during the writing of Don Giovanni. It was not performed during his lifetime and was ‘discovered’ for the public more than 100 years later, in 1895. One of the most quoted melodies in music literature went on a long and successful journey, and today it continues to be a hit, drawing crowds to concert halls.
100 years later, in September 1880, Tchaikovsky wrote in a Ukrainian village: “How happy I am to know that the influence of Mozart in me does not in the least fade with the passing of time.” He continues, “I have been resting lately from the world of my own music.” After his ‘rest period’ with Mozart’s scores, he comes to the audience not with a new Mozart-inspired string quartet, as he had planned, but with a fresh string serenade, the String Serenade in C major, and pays tribute to the great old master. He goes on to write: ‘I am so happy to immerse myself in Mozart’s world, I am influenced by Beethoven, Schumann, and Chopin, but it is Mozart I admire and am most excited by his music.’ Out of this admiration and inspiration comes the great serenade of the strings! Deeply romantic but “classical in style,” it appeals to the senses, a “symphony without winds” written in a danceable, powerful, loving, folk-like tone. “Let the number of strings be as large as possible”, he writes as a guideline for future performers. In 1934, the String Serenade was “brought back to life” to music by Tchaikovsky, the first ballet to be choreographed, and today a permanent fixture in the repertoire of many of the world’s great ballet companies.